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甘世安

除了太阳必须在那里,其余一切皆偶然。

 
 
 

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Model Test Six  

2011-08-06 21:18:20|  分类: 语言学习试题与参 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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I. Define the following terms, giving examples for illustration if it is necessary.

                         1. Universal grammar: ___________________

                         2. Move -a rule: _________________________

                         3. connectionism: ________________________

                         4. Holophrastic stage:: __________________________

                         5. IC Analysis: __________________________

                         6. Isolating languages: ___________________

                         7. Bilingualism: _________________________

                         8. Agglutinative languages:________________

                         9. fusional language:______________________

                         10. tone langauge:_______________________

 

II. Indicate the following statements true or false.

         1. There have been more than 5000 languages in the world, about two thirds of which have no written form.                            

         2. Sound [ p ] in the word “spit” is an unaspirated stop.                             

         3. In language classrooms nowadays the grammar taught to students is basically descriptive, and more attention is paid to the developing learners’ communicative skills.                        

         4. Language is complicated entity with multiple layers and facets, and it is possible for linguists to tackle it all at once.

         5. If language learners are provided with sufficient and the right kind of language exposure and chances to interact with language input, they will acquire the native–like competence in the target language.                                 

         6. Specialized linguistic and perceptual skills are each localized in a particular hemisphere of the brain.                          

         7. Utterance is based on sentence meaning; it is the realization of the Abstract meaning of a sentence in a real situation of communication or simply in a context.                                                                     

         8. An illocutionary act is the consequence of or the change caused by the utterance.                                              

         9. With the semantic broadening or narrowing, the meaning of a word is being changed constantly, although with one generation such difference is hardly obvious.                             

         10. According to Paul Grice’s idea, in making conversation, the participants must first of all be willing to cooperate; otherwise, it would not be possible for them to carry on the talk.                                                  

                              

III. Fill in each of the following blanks with one word which begins with the letter given.

      1. The Great Vowe1 Shift occurred at the end of the M____ English period.

      2. D_____ is a mark added to a symbol to change its value, as in [ h ] or [ ~ ].

      3. L_____ is the basic element of vocabulary, as in contrast to morpheme in morphology.

      4.  P_____ study of relationship between language and mind.

      5.  The sort of function of the greeting “ How are you?” is p_____.

      6.  In male adults the v____ cords are typically longer than in female adults.

      7.  "You sit down" is transformed into "Sit down". According to TG Grammar the transformational rule “ d______” is used.

      8.  At the age of four, children can master the essentials of their mother t______.

      9. The phonetic transcription with diacritics is called a n_____transcription, otherwise it  is called a b______ transcription.

      10. The principle  of  The International Phonetic Alphabet was to use one letter to represent one s______.

 

IV. Mark the choice that would best complete the statement.

1. The word "language" is sometimes used to refer to the whole of a person’s language called ______.

                       A. scientific language        B. idiolect

                       C. colloquial language        D. formal language

2. Which of the following words is entirely arbitrary?

                       A. tree       B. crash    C. typewriter  D. bang

3. The function of the sentence "A nice day, isn’t it?" is ______.

                      A. directive      B. informative    C. performative   D. phatic

4. The function of the sentence "Water boils at l00 degrees Centigrade" is ______.

                      A. interrogative   B. directive   C. informative    D. performative

5. The International Phonetic Association devised the International Phonetic Alphabet in____.

                       A. 1965      B. 1957        C. l962       D. l888

6. Which of the following sounds is a voiced bilabial stop?

                       A. [ m ]     B. [ v ]     C. [ p ]      D. [ b ]

7. The semantic components of the word “man” can be expressed as ______.

                       A. +animate, +human, +male, -adult

                       B. +animate, +human, -male, -adult

                       C. +animate, +human, +male, +adult

                       D. +animate, +human, -male, +adult

8. Malinowski was primarily a(an) ________

                       A. linguist          B. structuralist    C. anthropologist     D. phetician

9. "Hot dog" with the first element stressed means______.

                         A.    an overheated animal         B.     a kind of food

                         C. a barking dog                       D. a dead dog

10. A speech event can be ana1yzed into a number of components, addresser, ______, message and setting.

                         A. speaker   B. addressee        C. code     D. environment

l1. There are ______ morphemes in the Word "gentlemanliness".

                         A. four      B. five      C. six     D. seven.,,.

l2. In English, "un--" and "dis-" are called ______

                         A. prefixes      B. infixes     C. suffixe       D. root

13. The words “take” and "table " are ca1led ______ because theycan occur unattached..

                         A. inf1ectiona1 morphemes    B. form words

                         C. bound morphemes               D. free morphemes'

l4. The phrase "men and women" belongs to the _______ construction.

                           A. predicate               B. coordinate     C. subordinate        D. exocentric

15. ______refers to a construction where one clause is coordinated with another.

                          A. Embbedding           B. Recursiveness    C. Conjoining            D. Cohesion

l6. Which of the following two-term sets shows the feature of complementarity?

                         A. single/married            B. lend/borrow      C. hot/cold.             D. old/young

l7. What is the syllabic structure of the word "stand"?

                        A. CV.       B. CVCC      C. CCVCC        D. CCVC

18. Which of the following languages has the syllabic writing system?

                        A. Chinese      B. Japanese       C. English       D. French

19. What is the meaning relationship between the two words " drinks/coffee"?

                         A. Homonymy      B. Antonymy         C. Polysemy         D. Hyponymy

20. Which of the following sounds is a monophthong?

                         A. [ i ]     B. [ au ]            C. [ ai ]    D. [ei ]

 

V. Answer the following questions as comprehensively as possible, giving examples if necessary.

           1.What are the major difference between modern linguistics and traditional grammar?

           2. What is the semantic triangle?

           3. The following conversation seems quite strange in isolation. Can you imagine a situation in which it will seem acceptable and natural?

                       A.    I have a thirteen-year-old daughter.

                       B.     Well, that’s all right.

                       A.    I also have a cat.

                       B.     Oh, I’m sorry.

             4. How do you understand figure - ground alignment?

             5.  What does psycholinguistics study?

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