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甘世安

除了太阳必须在那里,其余一切皆偶然。

 
 
 

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Model Test Eight  

2011-08-07 12:04:59|  分类: 语言学习试题与参 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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I. Define the following terms, giving examples for illustration if it is necessary.

                                   1. input hypothesis:_______________

                                   2. interlanguage: ______________________

                                   3. speech community: __________________

                                   4. Pidgin: _____________________________

                                   5. Predication analysis: _________________

                                   6. structural syllabus: ___________________

                                   7.  Pitch: _____________________________

                                   8.  Sociodialect: _______________________

                                   9.  Locutionary act: ____________________

                                  10. Grimm’s law: ______________________

   

II. Indicate the following statements true or false.

            1. Descriptive linguistics used to be more powerful than prescriptive linguistics in Samuel Johnson’s time.                           

            2. By synchrony we mean to study language change and development.                     

            3. Competence and linguistic potential are abstract ideal knowledge, according to N. Chomsky.                             

            4. One merit of componential analysis is that by specifying the semantic features of certain words, it will be possible to show how these words are related in meaning.                                        

            5. The two clauses in a complex sentence are structurally equal, although  they are named not in the same way.                      

            6. The word “complex” is made up of two bound morphemes: “com” and “plex”.                                    

            7. Only highly trained phoneticians are able to produce the same speech sounds.                                            

            8. Anthropological Study of Linguistics: aims to look at the relationships between language and culture in a speech community.                              

            9. Ethnography of Communication is an authoritative research framework of our time in a linguistic study of social and cultural factors.                          

           10. Suprasegmental phonology refers to the study of phonological properties of units larger than the segment---phoneme, such as syllab1e, word and sentence.                      

 

III. Fill in each of the following blanks with one word which begins with the letter given.

            1. In most people, the left hemisphere has primary responsibility for l_____.

            2.Bound morphemes are classified into two types: r____ and a_____.

            3.In semantic analysis of a sentence, the basic unit is called p______.

            4.“mean” and “frugal” are said to be e______ synonyms.

            5. E____ is a mild, indirect or less offensive word/expression used when a speaker or writer intends to be less harsh.

            6.An ethnic dialect is spoken mainly by a less privileged population that has experienced some sort of social isolation, such as r___ discrimination or s_____.

            7.A common view holds that lateralization is an evolutionary precondition of the development of superior intelligence as well as a precondition of l____ a____.

            8. Studies have shown that correction and r_____ are not key factors in child language acquisition.

            9. Linguists developed an interlingual contrastive procedure called C____A____ to predict what problems learners of a particular second language would confront and the types of errors they would commit.

            10. A_______ phonetics studies the movement of the vocal organs of producing the sounds of speech; A_________ Phonetics studies the way the sounds of speech are perceived by the human ear.

 

IV. Mark the choice that would best complete the statement.

             1. _____ sounds are produced by retracting the body of the tongue from the neutral position.

                          A. Front      B. Back    C. Tense      D. Lax

             2.  N. Chomsky is a (n) _______linguist.

                           A. Canadian      B. American    C. French        D. Swiss

            3. Linguists give priority to speech because___ ____.

                           A. speech sounds are derived from writing systems

                           B. they can use recording devices

                          C. speech precedes writing everywhere in the world

                          D. writing precedes speech in Eng1ish language

4. In the fol1owing sounds, _______ is a voiceless stop.

                               A. [ p ]      B. [ d ]      C. [ b ]      D. [ g ]

5. ______ is concerned with how language acquired, understood and produced.

                              A. Neurolinguistics    B. Sociolinguistics

                             C. Psycholinguistics   D. Pragmatics

6.  At the age of four, children ______.

                                  A. can master the essentials of their mother tongue

                                  B. can only babble several sounds

                                 C. can name the things around them only

                                  D. can write out the grammatical rules of their language.

7. The ideal user’s knowledge of the rules of his language is the language ____ according to N. Chomsky.

                              A. performance    B. utterance     C. acquisition     D. competence

8. ______ are produced when the nose passage is opened by 1owering the soft palate at the back of the throat and the air is allowed to pass through it.

                                A. Semi-vowels   B. Affricates    C. Nasals.        D. Glides

9. ______are produced when the obstruction created by the speech organs is total and audibly released.

                                A. Back vowels   B. Stops     C. Fricatives      D. Glides

10.The letter combination "un-" in the words "unhappy", "un-healthy" is called a ______.

                               A. prefix             B. suffix      C. free morpheme      D. root

11. There are _______ morpheme(s) in the word "transparency".

                              A. one      B. two  C. three     D. four

12. The words "dog" and "read" are called______ because they can occur Unattached.

                               A. derivational morphemes      B. bound morphemes

                                C. inflectional morphemes       D. free morphemes

13."You sit down" is transformed into "Sit down". Which transformational rule is used according to TG Grammar?

                              A. Copying     B. Addition       C. Reordering   D. Deletion

14. "Words are names or labels for things." This view is called_______in semantic theory.

                              A. mentalism     B. conceptualism     C. naming theory  D. contextualism

15. The pair of words "borrow/lend" are called_______.

                               A. relational opposites      B. synonyms    C. complementaries    D. gradabIe opposites

16.  The words such as "smog", "brunch" are ______.

                               A. formed by blending      B. acronyms     C. coined by back-formation     D. clipped words

17.  Which description of componential analysis for the word "woman" is right?

                               A. +human, -adult, -male      B. +human, +adult, + male

                              C. +human, +adult, -male       D. +human, -adult, +male

18. In the following sounds, ______is a voiceless affricate

                             A. [ ? ]      B. [ k ]        C. [ s ]       D. [ p ]

19. The words "railway" and "railroad" are______.

                              A. synonyms differing in emotive meaning      B. dialectal synonyms

                             C. collocationally-restricted synonyms         D. synonyms differing in styles

20. Some Southern learners in China tend to pronounce "night" as  "light" when speaking English. This shows ______.

                                   A. they cannot pronounce the sound[ n ]

                                   B. they do not like to make nasal sounds

                                   C. interlangue interference because there is no such sound in their dialect

                                   D. their teachers do not have a good teaching method

 

V. Answer the following questions as comprehensively as possible, giving examples if necessary.

 

                1. What is a speech act and what is an indirect speech act?

                2. Do you agree to the view “Language is the dress of thought”?

                3. What is TG?

                4.  What are real-world tasks and pedagogical tasks?  Give some examples.

                5.  What are the most important tasks for a syllabus designer?   

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